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The differencee between the Old & new Testament Covenants

What is the difference in the Old and New Testament Covenants?

In this article we will cover:
  1. The ratification of the covenant
  2. The sacrifices as a covering
  3. The High Priests
  4. Old versus New Testament Priest actions.
  5. The sacrifices and sin
1A The Old Testament was ratified by the blood of bulls

This is the end of a section of scripture starting in Exodus 19 where the Lord came down on Mt. Sinai and gave Moses what we call the 10 commandments which actually was probably closer to 100 commandments and judgments.
At the end of this in chapter 24 Moses is confirming the commandments with the blood. 1.B. The New Testament was ratified by the blood of Jesus. Old Testament:The old covenant was ratified by the blood of bulls and goats.

New Testament:The new covenant was ratified by the better blood of Jesus Christ

In both cases (Old and New Testaments) it was ratified by the blood of a sacrifice This Old Testament covenant had nothing to do with how good we are or had been at the time of the covenant.

2.A. Old Testament sacrifice provided only an annual covering

Starting at the beginning of the chapter it tells the process that takes place to use the blood on the mercy seat to make atonement for their sins. But since the blood of goats and bulls is only a covering and cannot really atone for their sins they have to go through the same ritual every year.

2.B The blood of Jesus provided an eternal covering

Old Testament:provided only an annual covering on day of atonement New Testament:obtained an eternal redemption for us

3.A. Old Testament High Priest entered Holiest only once a year

No one else permitted to enter the Holiest, ever, not even other priests. 3.B New Testament High Priest (Jesus) entered the Holy of Holies once 4.A. Old Testament High Priest entered the Holiest in fear of death They did this under God's instructions, so that they could hear the high priest as he did his duties under the veil.
They also tied a rope to his leg so that if he went into the holiest and had sinned and he fell dead, they could drag him out of the holiest. This was the only way to get him out because no one else could go in.
God was serious about his rules and you can read off and on in the OT where people did fall dead for disobeying his exact rules.

4.B New Testament priests (believers) can enter the Holiest anytime by the blood of Jesus. See 1 Peter 2:9. and Hebrews 10:19 below.

5.A Old Testament sacrifice could not take away sins ` 5.B New Testament sacrifice took our sins away once for all. And thus we see how the Passover applies to the Old Testament and New Testament. We see how the Passover symbolism was fulfilled in the New Testament.
Isn't that neat!!